Air Pollution in Delhi has seen a major escalation since past years. This major increase is majorly due to Industrial waste and Vehicular pollution (Accounting from 7.5 Million Cars).
Some other interesting facts which would certainly stun you -:
• 80,000 trucks flit in and out of the city at night. Many being two decades old and many of these run on a mixture of kerosene and diesel to save money.
• Power plants within the city limits were found to be big contributors to the air pollution problem.
• Particulate matter in the PM10 range is caused mostly by road dust (50%), industry (23%) and vehicles (7%).
• Some reports suggest that as many as 10,000 people die prematurely each year due to the pollution levels in the city.
• The DDA (Delhi Development Authority) is supposed to provide ‘lung spaces’ in the city.
• 8,422 hectares of Delhi land is reserved for ‘the Greens’; the DDA manages more than 5,050 hectares of this land.
• Part of the problem is the city’s ever-growing population and the resultant effect that this has on the environment.
• Programs, like the CNG program, that were supposed to reduce air pollution, have failed. 1,000 new personal vehicles are added each day to the Delhi roads, many of which run on diesel.
• PM2.5, which is considered the most dangerous particle, often reaches more than 20 times the permissible limit in Delhi’s air.
• PM2.5 is exceedingly harmful because it is small enough to reach the lungs and can enter the bloodstream. It is carcinogenic.
• A report by the University of British Columbia compared Delhi to Beijing, saying that Delhi had 7 days of “healthy” air in 730 consecutive days, as compared to Beijing’s 58.
Protection against Air-Pollution
• Wear a protection mask when outside. Double strap N95 paper masks are recommended to ensure a tight seal around the face and these types of masks will filter 95% of particulate matter in the air.
• Avoid exercising outdoors when pollution levels are high, including bicycling, walking, and running.
• Children and people with asthmatic or chronic respiratory conditions will suffer more from pollution. Consult immediately a doctor if you experience the following symptoms: poor breathing, cough, scratchy throat, itchy eyes.
• Air pollution is at its peak during the heat of the day, so outdoor activities should be done at early morning or late evening. Also, we should avoid walking or biking on busy streets, and if you’re sitting in traffic, use the recycled-air setting on your air conditioner to help filter fumes.
• If you’re in a location where you can’t escape the pollution, try putting a handkerchief over your mouth and nose to help filter gas and smoke. Highly efficient filtering textile face mask are highly effective against PM 2.5 particles, dust, germs, pollen & other airborne contaminants. These masks are well-fitting, comfortable, reusable filtering mask. Also, they are comparatively cheap when it comes to the question of our health.
• Antioxidant-rich foods like fruits and vegetables can help shield your body from the damaging effects of free radicals, which are created by air pollution.
• Finally, don’t forget that indoor spaces can be polluted, too. A very effective indoor device ‘Airoshine’ is highly powerful to purify indoor air. It has three layer filters which provide eight stage purification systems.
• Install and check daily air quality levels and air pollution forecasts in your area. Most of the expats in Shanghai are using the Smartphone application AIR QUALITY INDEX(US Consulate).